Understanding is an important part of reading. Have your child use these comprehension strategies to engage his/her brain while reading.
Visualize: Make a mental image of the story. Visualize the characters as they talk, move, and interact with each other.
Make Connections: Ask your child, “Does this story remind you of a similar experience?”(text-self) or “Does this story remind you of another book you have read (text-text) or of a world event (text-world)?”
Ask Questions: As your child is reading, ask questions about the story. Search the story to prove the answers.
Infer: Use clues from the story or pictures to discover hidden ideas about the characters or events.
Determining Importance: This strategy is especially important when reading nonfiction. Use text features (bold face, photographs, headings, italics, diagrams, captions, labels, table of contents, indexes, and cutaways) to find important information. When reading fiction, have your child think about the most important details which are vital to the story.
Synthesizing: Have your child consider how his/her thinking changed based on new information and through discussions with other readers.